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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Apr;200(4):W353-60. doi: 10.2214/AJR.12.9522.

Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen: CT and MRI features with pathologic correlation.

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1
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to describe the CT and MRI features of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen with pathologic correlation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Nine patients with surgically resected and pathologically confirmed sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation were included in the study. Clinical history was reviewed to determine patient demographics and symptoms at presentation. Gross pathologic, histologic, and immunohistochemical findings were recorded. CT (n = 9) and MRI (n = 4) examinations were evaluated for lesion shape and margins, intrinsic characteristics, and enhancement pattern.

RESULTS:

Patients included were six women and three men, with a mean age of 41.2 years. Pathologic features of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation included multiple angiomatous nodules in a radiating pattern with a central stellate fibrous scar and evidence of hemosiderin deposition. On imaging, the lesions were solitary and round, 78% having a lobulated margin. They were heterogeneously hypoenhancing during the arterial and portal venous phases of contrast-enhanced CT or MRI, with peripheral enhancing radiating lines in 88% of lesions. They showed progressive enhancement and were isoenhancing or hyperenhancing in the delayed phase. A hypoenhancing central scar was shown on imaging in 22% of lesions. All lesions were hypointense on T2-weighted images.

CONCLUSION:

Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation shows characteristic CT and MRI findings reflecting the underlying pathology. Typical features are a solitary, round, lobulated mass with early peripheral enhancing radiating lines and progressive enhancement of the angiomatous nodules; delayed enhancement of the fibrous tissue; and hypo-intense T2 signal intensity from hemosiderin deposition.

PMID:
23521478
DOI:
10.2214/AJR.12.9522
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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