Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Apr;200(4):812-7. doi: 10.2214/AJR.12.8697.

Different perfusion pattern between acute and chronic pulmonary thromboembolism: evaluation with two-phase dual-energy perfusion CT.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether two-phase dual-energy CT can differentiate between lung perfusion patterns of patients with chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and those of patients with acute PTE.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

A total of 114 patients clinically suspected to have PTE were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent dual-energy CT at pulmonary artery (PA) and delayed phases. Of 68 patients diagnosed with PTE on CT, 42 were finally included. Iodine-related attenuation values (IRAs) were measured in PA and delayed phases for each lung segment, and IRA change ratios were calculated using the formula 100% × [(IRA of delayed phase) - (IRA of PA phase)]/(IRA of PA phase).

RESULTS:

Among the 42 patients (19 men and 23 women; mean age, 60.3 ± 13.2 years; range, 28-82 years), 24 had a diagnosis of acute PTE and 18 of chronic PTE. Those segments with both perfusion and filling defects (n = 143) in patients with acute PTE showed no significant changes of mean IRA between PA and delayed phases, whereas the segments from patients with chronic PTE (n = 94) showed significantly increased IRA on delayed phase as compared with PA phase. The mean IRA change ratios in acute and chronic PTE were -3.14% and 191.9%, respectively (p < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

Chronic PTE segments were significantly more enhanced on the delayed phase of two-phase dual-energy CT images than were acute PTE segments, possibly resulting from more extensive systemic collateral formation in chronic PTE. Two-phase dual-energy CT can be used to differentiate distinct regional perfusion patterns between acute and chronic PTE.

PMID:
23521453
DOI:
10.2214/AJR.12.8697
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center