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Chromosoma. 2013 Jun;122(3):221-32. doi: 10.1007/s00412-013-0403-3. Epub 2013 Mar 22.

In vivo modification of a maize engineered minichromosome.

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1
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.

Abstract

Engineered minichromosomes provide efficient platforms for stacking transgenes in crop plants. Methods for modifying these chromosomes in vivo are essential for the development of customizable systems for the removal of selection genes or other sequences and for the addition of new genes. Previous studies have demonstrated that Cre, a site-specific recombinase, could be used to modify lox sites on transgenes on maize minichromosomes; however, these studies demonstrated somatic recombination only, and modified minichromosomes could not be recovered. We describe the recovery of an engineered chromosome composed of little more than a centromere plus transgene that was derived by telomere-mediated truncation. We used the fiber fluorescence in situ hybridization technique and detected a transgene on the minichromosome inserted among stretches of CentC centromere repeats, and this insertion was large enough to suggest a tandem insertion. By crossing the minichromosome to a plant expressing Cre-recombinase, the Bar selection gene was removed, leaving behind a single loxP site. This study demonstrates that engineered chromosomes can be modified in vivo using site-specific recombinases, a demonstration essential to the development of amendable chromosome platforms in plants.

PMID:
23519820
DOI:
10.1007/s00412-013-0403-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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