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J Exp Med. 1990 Jun 1;171(6):1931-42.

Definition of a specific interaction between the early T lymphocyte activation 1 (Eta-1) protein and murine macrophages in vitro and its effect upon macrophages in vivo.

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1
Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.

Abstract

The Eta-1 gene specifies a secreted product of activated T cells and is associated with genetic resistance to infection by an obligate intracellular bacterium. Previous studies have suggested that eta-1 might affect the ability of macrophages to migrate to the site of bacterial infection and/or to inhibit intracellular bacterial growth. We therefore examined the interaction of eta-1 with macrophages in vitro and in vivo. We find that macrophages express approximately 10(4) eta-1 receptors/cell and each receptor has a Kd of approximately 5 x 10(-10) M. The subsequence of eta-1 containing an RGD motif is required for binding because a synthetic peptide containing the eta-1 RGD domain inhibited protein attachment to macrophages. We also found that subcutaneous inoculation of mice with eta-1 resulted in a cellular infiltrate comprised primarily of macrophages. We propose that the interaction between eta-1 and its receptor on macrophages results in a change in macrophage physiology resulting in accumulation of these cells at extravascular sites.

PMID:
2351930
PMCID:
PMC2187949
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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