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Nanotechnology. 2013 Apr 19;24(15):155203. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/15/155203. Epub 2013 Mar 22.

Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays.

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1
College of Physics and Communication Electronics, Provincial Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic and Telecommunication, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Metal structures with high optical transparency and conductivity are of great importance for practical applications in optoelectronic devices. Here we investigate the transparency response of a continuous metal film sandwiched by double plasmonic nanoparticle arrays. The upper nanoparticle array shows efficient light trapping of the incident field, acting as a light input coupler, and the lower nanoparticle array shows a light release gate opening at the other side, acting as the light output coupler. The strong near-field light-matter interactions of the nano-scale separated plasmonic nanoparticles, the excitation of surface plasmon waves of the metal film, and their cooperative coupling effects result in broadband scattering cancellation and near-unity transparency (up to 96%) in the optical regime. The transparency response in such a structure can be efficiently modified by varying the gap distance of adjacent nanoparticles, dielectric environments, and the distance between the plasmonic array and the metal film. This motif may provide a new alternative approach to obtain transparent and highly conducting metal structures with potential applications in transparent conductors, plasmonic filters, and highly integrated light input and output components.

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