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Hemoglobin. 2013;37(3):277-84. doi: 10.3109/03630269.2013.774284. Epub 2013 Mar 21.

Variable presentation of HB H disease due to homozygosity for the rare polyadenylation signal A T(Indian) (AATAAA>AATA- -) mutation in four Indian families.

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1
National Institute of Immunohaematology ICMR, King Edward Memorial Hospital Campus, Mumbai, India.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the molecular defects leading to the variable clinical and hematological presentation of four patients with Hb H disease. Investigations included a complete blood count, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses, cellulose acetate electrophoresis (pH 8.9), heat stability test, α genotyping by multiplex gap polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR) to screen for the eight common α-globin gene deletions and DNA sequencing to detect the other deletional and nondeletional α-globin gene mutations. Two patients aged 15 and 5.5 years had a mild clinical presentation. The first patient aged 3 years had a severe presentation requiring regular transfusions. This patient also had an enlarged spleen and had to undergo splenectomy. The third patient, aged 5 years, also had severe anemia, had been transfused once and had a spleen of 4.5 cms. The hemoglobin (Hb) levels in the four patients ranged from 4.2 to 8.2 g/dL and they all had reticulocytosis (10.0 to 31.0%). Cellulose acetate electrophoresis at pH 8.9 showed a fast moving band that ranged from 18.0 to 25.9%. All the four patients were homozygous for the polyadenylation signal A (polyA) T(Indian) (AATAAA>AATA-) mutation. This mutation has been seen in Eastern India but not from Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh where our patients originated.

PMID:
23517369
DOI:
10.3109/03630269.2013.774284
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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