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J Phys Chem A. 2013 Apr 18;117(15):3190-7. doi: 10.1021/jp401360c. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

Amino→imino tautomerization upon in vacuo sublimation of 2-methyltetrazole-saccharinate as probed by matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy.

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CCMAR and Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, F.C.T., University of Algarve, P-8005-039 Faro, Portugal.


The amino-imino tautomerization of the nitrogen-linked conjugate 2-methyltetrazole-saccharinate (2MTS) was observed upon sublimation of the compound in vacuo. As shown previously by X-ray diffraction [Ismael, A.; Paixão, J. A.; Fausto, R.; Cristiano, M. L. S. J. Mol. Struct., 2011, 1023, 128-142], in the crystalline phase the compound exists in an amino-bridged tautomeric form. Infrared spectroscopic investigation of a cryogenic matrix prepared after sublimation of a crystalline sample of 2MTS and deposition of the sublimate together with argon (in ~1:1000 molar ratio) onto an IR-transparent cold (15 K) substrate, revealed that the form of 2MTS present in the matrix corresponds to the theoretically predicted most stable imino-bridged tautomer. In this tautomer, the labile hydrogen atom is connected to the saccharine nitrogen, and the two heterocyclic fragments are linked by an imino moiety in which the double-bond is established with the carbon atom belonging to the saccharyl fragment. The observed isomeric form of this tautomer is characterized by a zusammen (Z) arrangement of the two rings around the C═N bond of the bridging group and an intramolecular NH···N hydrogen bond. The experimental IR spectrum of the matrix-isolated 2MTS has been fully assigned based on the calculated spectra for the two most stable conformers of this tautomer. A mechanism for the conversion of the tautomeric form existing in the crystal into that present in the gas phase is proposed. As a basis for the interpretation of the experimental results, a detailed theoretical [at the DFT(B3LYP) level of approximation with the 6-31++G(d,p) and 6-311++G(3df,3pd)] study of the potential energy surface of the compound was performed.

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