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Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:541018. doi: 10.1155/2013/541018. Epub 2012 Dec 27.

Brazilian propolis: a natural product that improved the fungicidal activity by blood phagocytes.

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Materials Science Postgraduate Program, Araguaia University Campus, Federal University of Mato Grosso, BR-070, Km 5, 78600-000 Barra do Garças, MT, Brazil.


Natural product incorporation into microcarriers increases the bioavailability of these compounds, consequently improving their therapeutic properties. Natural products, particularly those from bees such as propolis, are widely used in popular medicine. Propolis is a powerful treatment for several diseases. In this context, the present study evaluated the effect of propolis Scaptotrigona sp. and its fractions, alone or adsorbed to polyethylene glycol (PEG) microspheres, on the activity of human phagocytes against Candida albicans. The results show that propolis exerts a stimulatory effect on these cells to assist in combating the fungus, especially as the crude extract is compared with the fractions. However, when incorporated into microspheres, these properties were significantly potentiated. These results suggest that propolis adsorbed onto PEG microspheres has immunostimulatory effects on phagocytes in human blood. Therefore, propolis may potentially be an additional natural product that can be used for a variety of therapies.

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