Send to

Choose Destination
Head Neck. 2013 Dec;35(12):1698-706. doi: 10.1002/hed.23231. Epub 2013 Mar 18.

Impact of p16, p53, smoking, and alcohol on survival in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with primary intensity-modulated chemoradiation.

Author information

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Kantonsspital St.Gallen, Switzerland.



Analysis of the impact of risk factors on survival in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) treated by primary intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).


One hundred forty patients were included with tissue microarray (TMA) construction and immunohistochemical analysis in 124 patients (87%).


Survival analysis of patients classified into 3 risk categories according to an algorithm based on p16, smoking, T classification, and N classification revealed significant differences with a low, intermediate, and high-risk group. There was a significant impact of p53 expression as surrogate marker for smoking on outcome. In multivariate analysis, p16-positivity was a positive predictor and alcohol as well as N classification was a negative predictor for survival. The algorithm was modified based on alcohol instead of smoking with even more significant differences between the groups.


A risk model based on multiple factors instead of p16 as single marker can define different risk groups to select patients for treatment deintensification in future prospective clinical trials.


HPV; alcohol; intensity modulated radiotherapy; oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma; outcome; p16; p53; risk stratification; smoking; survival

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center