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Mol Aspects Med. 2013 Apr-Jun;34(2-3):360-72. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2012.07.005.

SLC18: Vesicular neurotransmitter transporters for monoamines and acetylcholine.

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Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Gonda Neuroscience and Genetics Research Center, Room 3357C, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 695 Charles Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1761, USA.


The exocytotic release of neurotransmitters requires active transport into synaptic vesicles and other types of secretory vesicles. Members of the SLC18 family perform this function for acetylcholine (SLC18A3, the vesicular acetylcholine transporter or VAChT) and monoamines such as dopamine and serotonin (SLC18A1 and 2, the vesicular monoamine transporters VMAT1 and 2, respectively). To date, no specific diseases have been attributed to a mutation in an SLC18 family member; however, polymorphisms in SLC18A1 and SLC18A2 may confer risk for some neuropsychiatric disorders. Additional members of this family include SLC18A4, expressed in insects, and SLC18B1, the function of which is not known. SLC18 is part of the Drug:H(+) Antiporter-1 Family (DHA1, TCID 2.A.1.2) within the Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS, TCID 2.A.1).

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