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PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e58764. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058764. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

Decreased IL-7 responsiveness is related to oxidative stress in HIV disease.

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  • 1Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, United States of America.


HIV disease results in decreased IL-7 receptor expression and IL-7 responsiveness in T cells. To explore mechanisms of these deficiencies, we compared CD127 expression and IL-7 induction of P-STAT5 in T cells from HIV-infected persons with serum concentrations of cytokines (IL-7, IL-6 and IL-15), markers of microbial translocation (sCD14 and LPS), and with an indicator of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde (MDA) adducts). CD127 expression was directly related to IL-7 responsiveness in most CD8+ T cell subsets but not in CD4+ T cells from HIV-infected persons. MDA adducts were increased in serum of HIV-infected patients and were inversely related to IL-7 responsiveness in CD8+ T cells and in central memory CD4+ T cells. Incubation of T cells from healthy controls with hydrogen peroxide resulted in impairments in IL-7 induction of P-STAT5. These findings suggest that oxidative stress that is characteristic of HIV disease could contribute to impairments in IL-7 responsiveness and disrupt T cell homeostasis.

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