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J Neurol. 2013 Dec;260(12):2959-63. doi: 10.1007/s00415-013-6876-4. Epub 2013 Mar 17.

Multiple sclerosis in the Arabian Gulf countries: a consensus statement.

Author information

  • 1King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, boholega@kfshrc.edu.sa.

Abstract

The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is rapidly changing in many parts of the world. Based on the Kurtzke classification, the Arabian Gulf Region is located in a low-risk zone for MS; however, recent studies suggest a moderate-to-high prevalence nearby (31-55 MS per 10,0000 individuals), with an increase in incidence in recent years. The relapsing-remitting disease course ratio is 2.5:1 versus the primary progressive type. In a geographic area that was previously associated with low prevalence; the recent high prevalence and fast rising incidence of MS in the gulf countries, encouraged the neurologists of this region to meet in a consensus panel, in order to share our latest findings in terms of MS epidemiology and consent on MS management in the Arabian Gulf. Therefore 20 key opinion leader neurologists and MS experts representing various countries of the Arabian Gulf have met in Dubai on the 2 and 3 February 2012, they shared their latest epidemiological findings, discussed recent MS aspects in the region, and consented on MS management relevantly to this geographic area.

PMID:
23504049
PMCID:
PMC3843364
DOI:
10.1007/s00415-013-6876-4
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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