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J Atten Disord. 2016 Jan;20(1):53-62. doi: 10.1177/1087054713478466. Epub 2013 Mar 15.

Positive and Negative Affect in Clinic-Referred Youth With ADHD.

Author information

1
University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.
2
University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA cmueller@hawaii.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine self-reported positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) among youth with ADHD (only and comorbid) and other non-ADHD-referred youth in an ethnically diverse clinical sample.

METHOD:

Semi-structured interviews identified 80 pure ADHD, 284 ADHD plus one or more comorbidities, and 730 non-ADHD youth (e.g., other diagnoses or no diagnosis). The Positive and Negative Affect Scale-Children (PANAS-C) was used to assess affective states.

RESULTS:

Even after controlling for the influence of potential confounds, youth with only ADHD reported higher PA and lower NA than other clinic-referred youth. The ADHD-comorbid group reported higher PA than the "non-ADHD" group, but these groups did not differ on level of NA. ADHD subtype did not influence results.

CONCLUSION:

Among clinic-referred youth, ADHD is associated with higher levels of PA and when there are no comorbid disorders, lower levels of NA.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; comorbidity; negative affect; positive affect

PMID:
23503812
DOI:
10.1177/1087054713478466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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