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Carbohydr Res. 2013 Apr 19;371:45-51. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2013.02.004. Epub 2013 Feb 24.

Structural characterization of an immunoenhancing heteroglycan of a hybrid mushroom (pfls1h) of Pleurotus florida and Lentinus squarrosulus (Mont.) Singer.

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Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore 721102, West Bengal, India.


An immunostimulating water-soluble heteroglycan (PS-II) was isolated from an aqueous extract of the fruit bodies of a hybrid mushroom, pfls1h produced by intergeneric protoplast fusion between Pleurotus florida and Lentinus squarrosulus (Mont.) Singer. Structural characterization of PS-II was carried out using sugar analysis, methylation experiment, periodate oxidation and 1D/2D NMR studies. Sugar analysis indicated the presence of glucose, mannose and galactose in a molar ratio of 1:1:2. Methylation analysis revealed that PS-II was composed of (1→6)- and (1→2,4,6)-α-D-galactopyranosyl, terminal β-D-mannopyranosyl and terminal β-D-glucopyranosyl residues in a relative proportion of approximately 1:1:1:1. On the basis of chemical analysis and NMR studies, the structure of the repeating unit of the heteroglycan was established to consist of a backbone chain of two (1→6)-α-D-galactopyranosyl residues, one of which is branched at O-2 with terminal β-D-Manp and at O-4 with terminal β-D-Glcp. This heteroglycan (PS-II) showed in vitro splenocyte, thymocyte and macrophage activations.

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