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Sci Total Environ. 2013 Apr 15;450-451:205-8. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.100. Epub 2013 Mar 8.

The occurrence of second generation anticoagulant rodenticides in non-target raptor species in Norway.

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1
Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Gaustadallèen 21, NO-0349, Oslo, Norway. kla@niva.no

Abstract

Second generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs) are commonly used for rodent pest control in Norway resulting in the potential exposure of non-target raptor species. In this study the occurrence of flocoumafen, difethialone, difenacoum, bromadiolone and brodifacoum was determined in the livers of five species of raptors found dead in Norway between 2009 and 2011. The SGARs brodifacoum, bromadiolone, difenacoum and flocoumafen were detected in golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) and eagle owl (Bubo bubo) livers at a total SGAR concentration of between 11 and 255 ng/g in approximately 70% of the golden eagles and 50% of the eagle owls examined in this study. In the absence of specific golden eagle and eagle owl toxicity thresholds for SGARs, a level of >100 ng/g was used as a potential lethal range, accepting that poisoning may occur below this level. Thirty percent (7/24) of the golden eagle and eagle owl livers contained total SGAR residue levels above this threshold. Further estimation of the potential mortality impact on the sampled raptor populations was not possible.

PMID:
23500818
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.01.100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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