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Plant Physiol Biochem. 2013 May;66:134-40. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.02.013. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

The function of Rad6 gene in Hevea brasiliensis extends beyond DNA repair.

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Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Resources of Rubber Tree, Ministry of Agriculture, Rubber Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, Hainan, China.


The Rad6 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes an ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2) which is required for DNA repair, damage-induced mutagenesis, sporulation, etc. In this study, one Rad6 homolog, designated HbRad6, was cloned in rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). The putative protein sequence of HbRad6 contains 152 amino acids, a conserved UBC domain, and a conserved active-site cysteine in the UBC domain, which is required for E2 enzymes catalytic activity. HbRad6 shared high similarity with Rad6 from other species. It shared the highest similarity with rice OsRad6 and Arabidopsis thaliana AtUBC2 with 96.05% identical residues, and 63.16% sequence identity with yeast Rad6 (excluding theĀ acidic tail). Comparing expression among different Hevea tissues demonstrated that HbRad6 was ubiquitously expressed in all tissues, but it revealed a preferential expression in the latex. Furthermore, HbRad6 expression was markedly induced by DNA-damaging agent H2O2, the latex stimulator ethephon (ET), and methyl jasmonate (MeJA), while NaCl and wounding treatments had relatively minor effect upon its expression. Genetic complementation experiment revealed that HbRad6 had minor effects on the complementation of the UV sensitivity of yeast rad6 null mutant, indicating that the Hevea Rad6 protein may partially suppress the UV sensitivity of the yeast rad6 mutant. These results suggested that HbRad6 was a multifunction gene involved in DNA damage repair, hormones and stress responses in rubber tree.

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