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Bioresour Technol. 2013 Apr;134:81-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.02.015. Epub 2013 Feb 13.

Cloning and expression of thermo-alkali-stable laccase of Bacillus licheniformis in Pichia pastoris and its characterization.

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College of Life Sciences, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China.


A thermo-alkali-stable laccase gene from Bacillus licheniformis was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The recombinant laccase was secreted into the culture medium with a maximum activity of 227.9 U/L. The purified laccase is a monomeric glycoprotein, and its molecular weight was estimated to be 65 kDa on SDS-PAGE after deglycosylation. Optimal enzyme activity was observed at pH 6.2 and 70°C with syringaldazine as substrate. The recombinant laccase was highly stable in the pH range 7-9 after 10 days at 30°C. The enzyme displayed remarkable thermostability at 50-70°C, with a half-life of inactivation at 70°C of 6.9 h. It also exhibited high tolerance to NaCl and organic solvents like the native spore laccase. The purified laccase could rapidly decolorize reactive blue 19, reactive black 5 and indigo carmine in the presence of acetosyringone. More than 93% of the tested dyes were decolorized in 4 h at pH 9.0.

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