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Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2013 Oct;27(5):741-52. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2013.01.004. Epub 2013 Mar 15.

Healthy aging and age-adjusted nutrition and physical fitness.

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Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, SE 58183 Linköping, Sweden. Electronic address:


Expected life span is gradually increasing worldwide. Healthy dietary and exercise habits contribute to healthy ageing. Certain types of diet can prevent or reduce obesity, and may reduce the risk of diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease). Exercise also reduces the risk of diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, some cancers and some mental disturbances). A less sedentary life style seems at least as important as regular exercise. Exercise can probably be tailored to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and extent of bone loss. To ensure adherence, it is important to increase slowly the frequency, duration and intensity of exercise, and to find activities that suit the individual. More research is needed to find ideal modes and doses of exercise, and to increase long-term adherence. Dietary and exercise modification seem to be strong promoters of healthy ageing.


diabetes; diet; exercise; obesity; physical fitness; risk factors

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