Send to

Choose Destination
Virus Res. 1990 Apr;16(1):83-93.

Comparison of inactivated, live and recombinant DNA vaccines against influenza virus in a mouse model.

Author information

Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.


The protective efficacy of influenza hemagglutinin expressed from recombinant vaccinia virus was compared with that induced by inactivated or infectious influenza vaccines. Intraperitoneal and intranasal routes of vaccination were compared. All the vaccines except the intranasally administered, inactivated vaccine induced detectable levels of neutralizing and hemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies in the serum of mice at 28 days postvaccination. Immunization with any of the intranasally administered vaccines reduced the amount of influenza virus nucleoprotein antigen in lungs after challenge with a homologous, mouse-adapted strain of influenza virus. Intraperitoneally administered vaccines failed to provide such protection. These results indicated that the route of vaccine administration may be the most critical factor for inducing protective immunity. The results also showed that in this mouse model a recombinant DNA-based vaccine could provide protection equivalent to that provided by conventional attenuated and inactivated influenza vaccines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center