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Food Chem. 2013 Jun 15;138(4):2390-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.12.027. Epub 2012 Dec 29.

Characterization of phenolics of Sarcandra glabra by non-targeted high-performance liquid chromatography fingerprinting and following targeted electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry/time-of-flight mass spectrometry analyses.

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Research and Development Center of Natural Medicine, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Lin'an, Zhejiang Province 311300, China.


In this study, we successfully characterised the phenolic profiles of Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting analyses and mass spectrometry (MS) identification. We first established a specific and valid HPLC approach for fingerprint analysis of S. glabra based on HPLC-UV detection. Using several chemometric methods such as similarity evaluation and principal components analysis, we determined herb-markers peaks from many HPLC peaks. The structures of these herb-markers were further identified targetedly by electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS)/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) analyses. As results, four phenolics, including chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, 4-O-glucopyranosyl rosmarinic acid and rosmarinic acid, were characterised as major herb-markers for the stems of S. glabra, while another three phenolics, including kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucuronic acid, chlorogenic acid and rosmarinic acid, were characteristic components for the leaves. The compounds may be very useful for further phenolome analysis.

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