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Med Oncol. 2013 Jun;30(2):535. doi: 10.1007/s12032-013-0535-6. Epub 2013 Mar 15.

Expression of survivin and its four splice variants in colorectal cancer and its clinical significances.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical College, 1 Panfu Road, Guangzhou 510180, China.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significances of the mRNA expression of survivin gene and its four splice variants in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). CRC samples, matched adjacent tissues, and normal tissues were collected from surgical resections of 39 patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis. The mRNA expression of survivin and its four splice variants, that is, survivin-△Ex3, survivin-2B, survivin-3B, and survivin-2α, was detected using semiquantitative PCR and RT-PCR. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) CAM5 was determined as control. The mRNA expression rates of survivin, survivin-△Ex3, survivin-2B, survivin-3B, surviving-2α, and CEA CAM5 in CRC samples were significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues (P < 0.01) and those in normal tissues (P < 0.01). The mRNA levels of the above variants in CRC samples were also significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues (P < 0.01) and those in normal tissues (P < 0.01). The mRNA levels of survivin, survivin-2B, and survivin-2α were not associated with any clinical variable of patients, while the levels of survivin-△Ex3 and survivin-3B were associated with lymphoid metastasis and Dukes grade (P < 0.05), and survivin-△Ex3 was associated with invasiveness. We concluded that mRNA expression rates and levels of survivin and its four splice variants elevated in CRC tissues, and expression levels of survivin-△Ex3 and survivin-3B were positively associated with tumor aggression.

PMID:
23494669
DOI:
10.1007/s12032-013-0535-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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