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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Mar;131(3):294-301. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.910.

Trachomatous trichiasis clamp vs standard bilamellar tarsal rotation instrumentation for trichiasis surgery: results of a randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Departments of Epidemiology and Prevention and Ophthalmology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. egower@wakehealth.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether a new surgical clamp reduces unfavorable postoperative outcomes.

METHODS:

Patients with trachomatous trichiasis (TT) were randomized to surgery with standard bilamellar tarsal rotation (BLTR) instrumentation or the TT clamp and were followed up for 2 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Postoperative TT, pyogenic granuloma formation, and eyelid contour abnormalities, combined and individually.

RESULTS:

A total of 1917 participants who had surgery (3345 eyes) were enrolled. Rates of at least 1 unfavorable outcome were similar for the participants who underwent surgery with the TT clamp and those who underwent surgery with standard BLTR (60.9% vs 63.0%, respectively; adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.88; 95% CI, 0.66-1.18). Granuloma was less common in the TT clamp arm than in the standard BLTR arm (16.8% vs 22.4%, respectively; AOR = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.46-0.97). There was a trend toward increased postoperative TT in the TT clamp arm compared with the standard BLTR arm (43.2% vs 36.6%, respectively; AOR = 1.36; 95% CI, 0.96-1.93). The TT clamp decreased the risk of mild eyelid contour abnormalities compared with standard BLTR (9.1% vs 13.3%, respectively; AOR = 0.64; 95% CI, 0.42-0.97) and showed a trend for a decrease in moderate abnormalities (5.3% vs 7.8%, respectively; AOR = 0.63; 95% CI, 0.39-1.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall, rates of unfavorable outcomes were similar between groups. Although our results are similar to other programmatic settings, such high rates of unfavorable outcomes are unacceptable; future research is needed to identify ways to improve TT surgery outcomes.

APPLICATION TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

A new clamp for TT surgery appears to offer protection against granuloma formation and some eyelid contour abnormalities, but it does not reduce postoperative TT.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00886015.

PMID:
23494035
DOI:
10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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