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BJOG. 2013 Jul;120(8):960-5. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12209. Epub 2013 Mar 14.

Cervical surgery for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and prolonged time to conception of a live birth: a case-control study.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether women with a history of surgery for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) are at an increased risk of subfertility, measured as a time to pregnancy of more than 12 months.

DESIGN:

Case-control study.

SETTING:

Iowa Health in Pregnancy Study (IHIPS), a population-based case-control study of preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) live birth outcomes (from May 2002 through June 2005) in the USA.

SAMPLE:

Women with an intended pregnancy and a history of either one prior cervical surgery (n = 152), colposcopy only (n = 151), or no prior cervical surgery or colposcopy (n = 1021).

METHODS:

Cervical treatment history, pregnancy intention, time to pregnancy, and other variables were self-reported by computer-assisted telephone interviews. Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression to estimate the risk of prolonged time to pregnancy among women with a history of cervical surgery or colposcopy alone, compared with untreated women (control group).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Prolonged time to pregnancy (i.e. >1 year).

RESULTS:

Prolonged time to pregnancy was most prevalent among treated women (16.4%), compared with untreated women (8.4%) and women with colposcopy only (8.6%) (P = 0.039). After adjusting for covariates, women with prior cervical surgery had a more than two-fold higher risk of prolonged time to pregnancy compared with untreated women (aOR 2.09, 95% CI 1.26-3.46). In contrast, women with a history of colposcopy only had a risk equivalent to that found among untreated women (aOR 1.02, 95% CI 0.56-1.89).

CONCLUSIONS:

Women with a history of cervical treatment for CIN are at increased risk of subfertility, measured as a time to pregnancy of more than 12 months.

PMID:
23489374
PMCID:
PMC3691952
DOI:
10.1111/1471-0528.12209
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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