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Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2013 Jan;34(199):29-32.

[Are there any differences in the working memory of men and women?].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

1
Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Klinika Psychiatrii Doroslych. talarowskamonika@wp.pl

Abstract

The aim of the study was to compare the implementation of the Stroop test among women and men and to answer the question of the existence of differences in verbal working memory performance and efficiency of attention between representatives of both sexes.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A sample of 348 persons aged 20-68 years (mean age: M = 42.16 years) participated in the study: 187 women (53.73%) and 161 men (42.26%). Patients who took part in the investigation were divided into several groups: depressive disorders (DD, n = 146), diabetes type 1 (DM1, n = 31), diabetes type 2 (DM2, n = 31), patients with hypertension (HA, n = 30) and healthy controls (HC, n=110). Cognitive functions were evaluated by the Stroop test.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences between men and women in making the first (p = 0.831) and the second part of the Stroop test (p = 0.055). However, it should be noted that the difference between men and 'omen in the speed of the second part of the test is close to significance. Women performed the test faster than men, while men have committed in other parts of the test less errors (p = 0.441).

CONCLUSIONS:

In the present study there was no statistically significant differences between men and women in the implementation of both parts of the Stroop test. Women performed both part of the Stroop test faster than men do but the latter make fewer mistakes.

PMID:
23488281
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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