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Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2014 Feb;28(2):100-10. doi: 10.1177/1545968313478485. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Single session of dual-tDCS transiently improves precision grip and dexterity of the paretic hand after stroke.

Author information

1
1Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), Yvoir, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

After stroke, deregulated interhemispheric interactions influence residual paretic hand function. Anodal or cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can rebalance these abnormal interhemispheric interactions and improve motor function.

OBJECTIVE:

We explored whether dual-hemisphere tDCS (dual-tDCS) in participants with chronic stroke can improve fine hand motor function in 2 important aspects: precision grip and dexterity.

METHODS:

In all, 19 chronic hemiparetic individuals with mild to moderate impairment participated in a double-blind, randomized trial. During 2 separate cross-over sessions (real/sham), they performed 10 precision grip movements with a manipulandum and the Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT) before, during, immediately after, and 20 minutes after dual-tDCS applied simultaneously over the ipsilesional (anodal) and contralateral (cathodal) primary motor cortices.

RESULTS:

The precision grip performed with the paretic hand improved significantly 20 minutes after dual-tDCS, with reduction of the grip force/load force ratio by 7% and in the preloading phase duration by 18% when compared with sham. The dexterity of the paretic hand started improving during dual-tDCS and culminated 20 minutes after the end of dual-tDCS (PPT score +38% vs +5% after sham). The maximal improvements in precision grip and dexterity were observed 20 minutes after dual-tDCS. These improvements correlated negatively with residual hand function quantified with ABILHAND.

CONCLUSIONS:

One bout of dual-tDCS improved the motor control of precision grip and digital dexterity beyond the time of stimulation. These results suggest that dual-tDCS should be tested in longer protocols for neurorehabilitation and with moderate to severely impaired patients. The precise timing of stimulation after stroke onset and associated training should be defined.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01503073.

KEYWORDS:

Purdue Pegboard Test; precision grip; repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; stroke rehabilitation; transcranial direct current stimulation

PMID:
23486918
DOI:
10.1177/1545968313478485
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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