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Onkologie. 2013;36(3):102-7. doi: 10.1159/000348525. Epub 2013 Feb 25.

Expression of Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF in gastric carcinoma: correlation with angiogenesis and prognosis.

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Department of Gastric Cancer Surgery, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and City Key Laboratory of Tianjin Cancer Center, Tianjin, China.



The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as their correlation with angiogenesis and prognosis in gastric carcinoma.


The expression of Rac1, HIF-1α, VEGF, and CD34 (described in terms of microvessel density, MVD) was determined by immunohistochemical staining of tissues from 60 radically resected gastric cancer specimens.


The proportion of specimens expressing Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF was 37/60 (61.7%), 35/60 (58.3%), and 40/60 (66.7%), respectively. The levels of Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF expression were significantly correlated with Lauren's classification, lymph node metastasis, and pathologic staging (p < 0.05). There were positive correlations between MVD and the expression of Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF. The mean survival time and 5-year survival rate in cases with positive Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF expression and MVD ≥ 26.3 were significantly shorter than those with negative Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF expression and MVD < 26.3.


Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis, especially in tumor angiogenesis. Thus, testing the expression of Rac1, HIF-1α, and VEGF may be a useful index for treatment and prognosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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