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Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2013 Feb;21(1):34-8. doi: 10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2013.01.008.

[Expressing trend of NME3 protein in acute myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells and patients' bone marrow].

[Article in Chinese]

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Sun Yat-sen University, Zhongshan, Guangdong Province, China.


To verify the differential expression of non-metastasis cell 3 (NME3) protein in HL-60 cells when they were induced to differentiate into monocyte and granulocyte like cells, and study its value in diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and a new steroidal drug NSC67657 were employed to induce acute myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells into monocyte and granulocyte like cells. Then the cell differentiating direction was observed by chemical staining, the degree of differentiation was determined by surface antigen CD11b/CD14 detection, and the apoptosis was excluded by phosphatidylserine valgus analysis, by which cellular differentiating model was constructed. Furthermore, RT-PCR and Western blot were employed to verify the differentially expression of NME3 before and after differentiation of HL-60 cells. At last, samples from bone marrow nucleated cells of 26 patients with myeloid leukemia, which were diagnosed definitely by clinical doctors, and 5 normal people were chosen. Then the expressing trend of NME3 protein in these testing groups was analyzed by means of comparison. The results showed that ATRA (2 ┬Ámol/L for 5 d) and NSC67657 (10 ┬Ámol/L for 5 d) could induce HL-60 cells to differentiate into monocyte and granulocyte like cells above 90% without cell apoptosis. The expression of NME3 gene and protein were down-regulated by the inducers, which was accorded with the screening results that was got using proteomics technology in the former research. The expression of NME3 protein in bone marrow from acute myeloid leukemia patients was elevated significantly as compared to normal persons. It is concluded that the expression level of NME3 protein is down-regulated after cellular differentiation, according with the changing trend in leukemia patients, which imply that NME3 protein may be a potential biomarker for diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia.

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