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Anticancer Res. 2013 Mar;33(3):1091-8.

Prognostic value of p53 protein overexpression in upper tract urothelial carcinomas in Taiwan.

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1
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100, TzYou 1st Road, Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

p53 plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability and regulating the cell cycle. However, the accumulation of p53 protein has been reported to be involved in the carcinogenesis, progression, and metastasis of many types of human cancer. This study evaluates the clinical significance of p53 expression in upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

One-hundred and twelve cases of upper tract urothelial carcinoma were included in this study. p53 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and the association of p53 expression with clinicopathological variables was analyzed.

RESULTS:

p53 expression was significantly correlated with patients who were undergoing hemodialysis (p=0.005) and had increased serum creatinine levels (p=0.001). High p53 expression was associated with poor progression-free (p=0.025) and cancer-specific survival (p=0.021), Cox regression analysis also revealed that p53 was an independent predictor of poor progression-free (hazard ratio=3.74, p=0.025) and cancer-specific (hazard ratio=5.87, p=0.030) survival.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings indicate that p53 expression is a potential biomarker for predicting patient survival. Further study is necessary to investigate the role of p53 in the carcinogenesis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma.

PMID:
23482786
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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