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Opt Express. 2013 Feb 11;21(3):3388-99. doi: 10.1364/OE.21.003388.

Flexible tube lattice fibers for terahertz applications.

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Dipartimento di Ingegneria Enzo Ferrari, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, I-41125, Modena, Italy.


In this paper a flexible hollow core waveguide for the terahertz spectral range is demonstrated. Its cladding is composed of a circular arrangement of dielectric tubes surrounded by a heat-shrink jacket that allows the fiber to be flexible. Characterization of straight samples shows that the hollow core allows the absorption caused by the polymethylmethacrylate tubes of the cladding to be reduced by 31 times at 0.375 THz and 272 times at 0.828 THz with respect to the bulk material, achieving losses of 0.3 and 0.16 dB/cm respectively. Bending loss is also experimentally measured and compared to numerical results. For large bending radii bending loss scales as Rb-2, whereas for small bending radii additional resonances between core and cladding appear. The transmission window bandwidth is also shown to shrink as the bending radius is reduced. An analytical model is proposed to predict and quantify both of these bending effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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