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Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2013 May;42(5):643-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2013.01.018. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Immediate versus delayed positioning of dental implants in guided bone regeneration or onlay graft regenerated areas: a systematic review.

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Department of Dentistry, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.


The aim of this study was to compare success rates in immediate and delayed dental implant placement following guided bone regeneration or onlay bone block ridge augmentation. A systematic review of all studies on this topic was performed. For inclusion, studies had to involve at least five patients, report specific success criteria, and have a minimum follow-up period of 6 months. Studies reporting only the survival rate of implants were excluded. From 287 studies identified, 79 were screened and 13 were included in the analysis. Six studies provided data on simultaneous (immediate) positioning of implants, five studies on delayed positioning, and two studies provided data on both of these approaches. Success rates for implants placed using a simultaneous approach ranged from 61.5% to 100%; success rates for implants placed using a staged approach ranged from 75% to 98%. Even though the current review revealed that there are not many studies reporting data relevant to the analyzed topic, the data obtained suggest that the delayed positioning of implants should be considered more predictable than the immediate positioning. Studies presenting a control group and adopting standardized success criteria are required, and data from this review must be considered indicative.

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