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Clin Chim Acta. 2013 Jun 5;421:73-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2013.02.020. Epub 2013 Feb 26.

Newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia in Cuba: six years of experience.

Author information

1
Department of Neonatal Screening, Immunoassay Center, Cubanacan, Playa, Havana, Cuba. iqtsh3@cie.sld.cu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Since 2005, a newborn screening program for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) by measuring 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) in dried blood spots was introduced in Cuba.

METHODS:

The hormone was measured by the 17OHP Neonatal UMELISA method, in samples collected on the 5th day as average. Confirmatory test was performed to those neonates with 17OHP values above 55 nmol/l. Some perinatal factors that can influence on 17OHP levels were studied.

RESULTS:

From January 2005 to December 2010, 621,303 newborns were screened and 39 CAH cases were detected. Coverage of the program reached 98%. The incidence of CAH in Cuba was 1:15,931, similar to that reported by other programs. A recall for suspected CAH was performed in 10,799 cases (1.74%). Therapy in classical CAH patients was started at the mean age of 22 days. 17OHP levels were significantly higher in newborns with lower birth-weight (BW) and/or gestational age (GA). In addition, 17OHP values were affected by the gender, twin status or mode of delivery.

CONCLUSIONS:

In Cuba, the nationwide newborn screening program has allowed the early detection of CAH. The use of an optimized cut-off level for BW or GA could lead to a reduction in the percentage of recalled babies.

PMID:
23481450
DOI:
10.1016/j.cca.2013.02.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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