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Indian J Med Res. 2013 Jan;137(1):125-9.

Genetic variability & chemotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil & cisplatin in head & neck cancer patients: a preliminary study.

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  • 1B.V. Patel Pharmaceutical Education & Research Development (PERD) Centre, Ahmedabad, India.

Abstract

background & objectives: The efficacy and toxicity of a given chemotherapy regimen varies widely among patients due to the inherited variability of genes that are involved in drug metabolism. There are several crucial enzymes identified involving metabolism of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin, which are polymorphic. We studied head and neck cancer patients (n=23) on 5-FU and cisplatin combination therapy attending a tertiary care cancer research institute in Gujarat, India, to understand the effect of a particular genotype on toxicity.

METHODS:

The patients were genotyped for dihydropyrimidine (DPYD) (85T>C, IVS14+1G>A, 2846A>T, 2194G>A), thymidylate synthase (TYMS) [28bp tandem repeat in the promoter enhancer region (TSER)], methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) (677C>T, 1298A>C), glutathione S-transferase P1(GSTP1) (Ile105Val), glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) (null allele) and glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) (null allele) by multiplex allele-specific PCR and long range PCR.

RESULTS:

Of the 23 (19 males 4 females, age range 18-16 yr) patients, two had grade 3 and 4 toxicity while the remaining 21 had 0 to 2 grade toxicity after treatment with 5-FU and cisplatin combination therapy. An association between the genotype of GSTM1 (+/- and -/-) and the toxicity of cisplatin (P=0.043) was observed.

INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS:

The findings of this preliminary study suggested an association between the variants of GSTM1 and toxicity observed due to cisplatin. Well planned studies on a large sample of head and neck cancer patients need to be conducted to understand the effects of these genetic variants on toxicity and efficacy of anticancer drugs.

PMID:
23481061
PMCID:
PMC3657875
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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