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Fam Cancer. 2013 Dec;12(4):611-4. doi: 10.1007/s10689-013-9623-1.

Frameshift mutation in the PTCH2 gene can cause nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

Abstract

Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by developmental defects and tumorigenesis. The gene responsible for NBCCS is PTCH1, encoding a receptor for the secreted protein, sonic hedgehog. Recently, a Chinese family with NBCCS carrying a missense mutation in PTCH2, a close homolog of PTCH1, was reported. However, the pathological significance of missense mutations should be discussed cautiously. Here, we report a 13-year-old girl diagnosed with NBCCS based on multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors and rib anomalies carrying a frameshift mutation in the PTCH2 gene (c.1172_1173delCT). Considering the deleterious nature of the frameshift mutation, our study further confirmed a causative role for the PTCH2 mutation in NBCCS. The absence of typical phenotypes in this case such as palmar/plantar pits, macrocephaly, falx calcification, hypertelorism and coarse face, together with previously reported cases, suggested that individuals with NBCCS carrying a PTCH2 mutation may have a milder phenotype than those with a PTCH1 mutation.

PMID:
23479190
DOI:
10.1007/s10689-013-9623-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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