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J Gastroenterol. 2013 Dec;48(12):1392-400. doi: 10.1007/s00535-013-0766-5. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Serum metabolomic profile and potential biomarkers for severity of fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Biomarker for usefulness in diagnosing advanced fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is expected. In order to discover novel biomarkers for NAFLD and its pathogenesis, we performed matabolomics screening.

METHODS:

(1) The initial cohort was 44 NAFLD patients. (2) This validation cohort was 105 NAFLD patients, 26 primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients, and 48 healthy controls. Using capillary electrophoresis and liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry, we analyzed low molecular weight metabolites in these groups.

RESULTS:

1. In the initial cohort, we found 28 metabolites associated with advanced fibrosis. Among them, 4 sulfated steroids showed the greatest difference. A decrease of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and 5α-androstan-3β ol-17-one sulfate (etiocholanolone-S) was observed with the progression of fibrosis. Furthermore, 16 hydroxydehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (16-OH-DHEA-S) increased with the progression of fibrosis. 2. In the validation cohort, the decrease of DHEA-S and etiocholanolone-S, as well as the increase of 16-OH-DHEA-S, with the progression of fibrosis was confirmed. The 16-OH-DHEA-S/DHEA-S ratio and 16-OH-DHEA-S/etiocholanolone-S ratio were even more strongly associated with the grade of fibrosis. Among PBC patients, 16-OH-DHEA-S tended to be higher in stages 3 and 4 than in stages 1 and 2. However, levels of DHEA-S, etiocholanolone-S, and the two ratios were not associated with the stage of PBC.

CONCLUSION:

Several metabolic products were found to be biomarkers of fibrosis in NAFLD and could also be useful for diagnosis of this condition. Our findings suggested disturbance of hormone metabolism in NAFLD and might lead to the development of new therapy.

PMID:
23478936
PMCID:
PMC3889284
DOI:
10.1007/s00535-013-0766-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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