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Can J Microbiol. 1975 Mar;21(3):281-8.

Thiobacillus acidophilus sp. nov.; isolation and some physiological characteristics.


After a brief exposition to glucose, Thiobacillus acidophilus was isolated from a culture of iron-grown T. ferrooxidans. Physicochemical analysis of its DNA showed a G+C content of 62.9-63.2%. The new isolate grows best at 25-30 degrees C and at pH 3.0. Growth is possible between pH 1.5 and 6.0. Thiobacillus acidophilus is apparently strictly aerobic. Ammonium salts are the only suitable source of nitrogen. The bacterium is a facultative autotroph. In addition to elemental sulfur, it obtains energy from organic compounds such as D-glucose, D-galactose, D-fructose, D-mannitol, D-xylose, D-ribose, D-arabinose, L-arabinose, sucrose, sodium citrate, malic acid,dl-aspartic acid, and dl-glutamic acid. Thiobacillus acidophilus possesses the key enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle including NAD-and NADP-linked isocitric dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, and the key enzymes of the hexose monophosphate pathway (glucose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, and fructose 1,6-diphosphate aldolase). NADH oxidase has been found in particulate fraction of extracts. Rhodanese and thiosulfate oxidase have also been detected.

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