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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 Apr;68(4):1597-604.

Effects of various concentrations of O2 and umbilical cord occlusion on fetal breathing and behavior.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


To test the hypothesis that continuous fetal breathing could be induced by hyperoxemia alone or by hyperoxemia and umbilical cord occlusion, even in the absence of a rise in arterial PCO2 (PaCO2), we studied 18 chronically instrumented fetal sheep on 34 occasions using our window model (18). After a resting cycle (1 low-voltage followed by 1 high-voltage electrocortical activity epoch), the fetal lung was distended via an endotracheal tube using mean airway pressure of approximately cmH2O. Inspired N2, 17% O2, and 100% O2 were given to the fetus during one cycle each. While 100% O2 was given, the umbilical cord was occluded (balloon cuff).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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