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J Atten Disord. 2016 Aug;20(8):647-52. doi: 10.1177/1087054713478465. Epub 2013 Mar 8.

Malnutrition and Obesity in Children With ADHD.

Author information

1
Inönü University Medical Faculty, Malatya, Turkey gungorserdal@yahoo.com.
2
Inönü University Medical Faculty, Malatya, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Low threshold of dissatisfaction and frustration in child and adolescent patients with ADHD lead to changes in dietary pattern with contribution to the development of obesity and other nutritional disorders.

METHODS:

A total of 362 patients with the diagnosis of ADHD and 390 children without any chronic disease were included to the study. We evaluated the anthropometric measurements for all cases.

RESULTS:

The overweight/obese cases according to weight for height (WFH) and body mass index scores were more likely in ADHD cases than control group. Malnourished cases according to WFH were more common in ADHD cases. Patients with weight standard deviation scores between <-2 and >2 were significantly higher in ADHD cases than the control group patients.

CONCLUSION:

Frequency of malnutrition and overweight/obese patients was found higher in ADHD cases compared with control group, and this situation suggested that ADHD is a risk factor for the development of eating disorders.

KEYWORDS:

attention deficit hyperactivity; children; malnutrition; obesity

PMID:
23475827
DOI:
10.1177/1087054713478465
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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