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Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013 Jun;153(1-3):220-8. doi: 10.1007/s12011-013-9641-8. Epub 2013 Mar 12.

Selenium attenuates adriamycin-induced cardiac dysfunction via restoring expression of ATP-sensitive potassium channels in rats.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi, Xi'an 710004, China.

Abstract

The possible mechanism of adriamycin (ADR) and/or selenium (Se) deficiency-induced cardiac dysfunction, and cardioprotective effects of Se against ADR-induced cardiac toxicity were investigated in this study. Cardiac function was evaluated by plasma brain natriuretic peptide level and echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters. Cardiac glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity was assessed spectrophotometrically. Expression of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP) subunits-SUR2A and Kir6.2-were examined by real-time PCR and Western blotting. The results showed that cardiac function and cardiac GPx activity decreased remarkably after administration of ADR or Se deficiency; more dramatic impairment of cardiac function and cardiac GPx activity were observed after co-administration of ADR and Se deficiency. Mechanically, it is novel for us to find down-regulation of KATP subunits gene expression in cardiac tissue after administration of ADR or Se deficiency, and more significant inhibition of cardiac KATP gene expression was identified after co-administration of ADR and Se deficiency. Furthermore, cardiac toxicity of ADR was found alleviated by Se supplementation, accompanied by restoring of cardiac GPx activity and cardiac KATP gene expression. These results indicate that decreased expression of cardiac KATP is involved in adriamycin and/or Se deficiency-induced cardiac dysfunction; Se deficiency exacerbates adriamycin-induced cardiac dysfunction by future inhibition of KATP expression; Se supplementation seems to protect against adriamycin-induced cardiac dysfunction via restoring KATP expression, showing potential clinical application in cancer chemotherapy.

PMID:
23475371
DOI:
10.1007/s12011-013-9641-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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