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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2013 May;70(10):1739-52. doi: 10.1007/s00018-013-1281-9. Epub 2013 Mar 12.

Vascular growth factors in neuropsychiatry.

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Departments of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Laboratory of Molecular Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 34 Park Street, New Haven, CT 06508, USA.


Recent advances in understanding the cellular and molecular basis of psychiatric illnesses have shed light on the important role played by trophic factors in modulating functional parameters associated with disease causality and drug action. Disease mechanisms are now thought to involve multiple cell types, including neurons and endothelial cells. These functionally distinct but interactively coupled cell types engage in cellular cross talk via shared and common signaling molecules. Dysregulation in their cellular signaling pathways influences brain function and alters behavioral performance. Multifunctional trophic factors such as VEGF and EPO that possess both neurotrophic and angiogenic actions are of particular interest due to their ability to rescue structural and plasticity deficits in neurons and vasculature. Obtaining insight into the behavioral, cellular and molecular actions of multi-functional trophic factors has the potential to open new and transformative therapeutic approaches.

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