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Cancer Lett. 2013 Jul 28;335(2):351-60. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2013.02.045. Epub 2013 Mar 4.

miR-371-5p down-regulates pre mRNA processing factor 4 homolog B (PRPF4B) and facilitates the G1/S transition in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

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Tianjin Life Science Research Center and Basic Medical School, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.


Increasing evidence has lent support to the notion that miRNAs regulate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell proliferation by directly targeting cell cycle-related genes. Among these genes, we identified PRPF4B, a CDK-like kinase, as a new target of miR-371-5p. Over-expression of miR-371-5p and knockdown of PRPF4B promotes cell growth by accelerating the G1/S transition in HCC cell lines. Moreover, miR-371-5p promotes tumor growth of QGY-7703 cells in vivo. Conversely, inhibition of miR-371-5p yields an opposing effect. Ectopic expression of PFPF4B abolishes the malignant phenotypes caused by miR-371-5p. Furthermore, contrary to PRPF4B, miR-371 was up-regulated in HCC tissues. Collectively, we highlight the significance of miR-371-5p and PRPF4B in cell cycle progression and hepatocarcinogenesis.

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