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J Anim Sci. 2013 May;91(5):2077-82. doi: 10.2527/jas.2012-5975. Epub 2013 Mar 5.

Hepatic mitochondrial efficiency in lines of mice differing in feed intake.

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Department of Animal Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583-0908, USA.


Selection was practiced for high (MH) and low (ML) heat loss using direct calorimetry to create lines of mice differing in feed intake per unit average BW (FI/BW). A total of 25 generations of selection was practiced during maintenance of an unselected control (MC). As a percentage of MC, mice of MH and ML lines differed in heat loss and FI/BW by 56 and 34%, respectively, when selection ceased. The purpose of this study was to determine hepatic mitochondrial efficiency in mice at maintenance across the genetic lines. After measurement of feed intakeand BW over a 2-wk period, mice were euthanized, and their livers were extracted. Livers were homogenized and mitochondria were isolated in buffer for measurement of oxygen consumption and, hence, mitochondrial activity using a Clark-type oxygen electrode. Mitochondria of ML mice expressed greater (P < 0.03) respiratory control ratio by 22% than that for MH mice, revealing greater degree of uncoupling during electron transport in MH mice. Difference in FI/BW (P < 0.001) was large with MH mice consuming 34% more than ML mice. The respiratory control ratio differed between mice of MH and ML lines as expected; however, regression analysis revealed that it explained essentially no variation in feed intake per BW.

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