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Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2014 Apr;87(3):295-306. doi: 10.1007/s00420-013-0861-1. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Personality traits of the Five-Factor Model are associated with work-related stress in special force police officers.

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1
State Police Health Service Department, Ministry of the Interior, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The police work is particularly stressful. The aim of this work was to clarify whether the personality factors are associated with perceived stress levels or reactivity to environmental stressors in a special body of police.

METHODS:

The police officers in charge of guaranteeing public order at the L'Aquila G8 meeting were subjected to a control of their levels of work-related stress in anticipation of the event. Personality was assessed by the Italian version of the Five-Factor Model questionnaire, while stress was measured three times (during routine work in January 2009, preparation and imminence of the event, in April and July 2009, respectively) with the demand/control/support model of Karasek and the effort/reward imbalance model of Siegrist. A total of 289 of 294 officers took part in the survey.

RESULTS:

Some personality traits of the Five-Factor Model were associated with stress levels and stress reactivity. Neuroticism (low emotional stability) showed the strongest associations with job strain (demand/control ratio) (β = 0.115, p < 0.05) and effort/reward imbalance (β = 0.270, p < 0.001) and was associated with most of the stress variables. High agreeableness was associated with low effort/reward imbalance (β = -0.157, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Personality factors may mitigate or increase the strain induced by environmental stressors.

PMID:
23463443
DOI:
10.1007/s00420-013-0861-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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