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Pediatr Cardiol. 2013 Aug;34(6):1476-81. doi: 10.1007/s00246-013-0673-9. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Epidemiology and risk factors for coronary artery abnormalities in children with complete and incomplete Kawasaki disease during a 10-year period.

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1
Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, First Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, "Aghia Sophia" Children's Hospital, Thivon and Levadias Street, 115 26 Athens, Greece.

Abstract

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of childhood. The diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. However, the presentation of KD is incomplete/atypical for approximately 20 % of patients. Kawasaki disease is complicated with coronary artery lesions (CALs) and considered the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. The medical records of children discharged with KD from a tertiary pediatric hospital in Athens, Greece, during a decade (2001-2010) were retrospectively analyzed. During the study period, KD was diagnosed for 86 children younger than 14 years of age. Complete diagnostic criteria were fulfilled by 64 of the children (74.4 %), whereas 25.6 % were considered incomplete cases. Cardiovascular complications were detected in 48 children (55.8 %) and CALs in 28 children (32.6 %). The prevalence of CALs did not differ significantly between complete and incomplete/atypical KD (42.2 vs 4.5 %; P = 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that erythema in the lips and oral cavity was associated with the development of CALs [odds ratio (OR), 3.03; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.051-8.783; P = 0.040]. Conversely, children with incomplete/atypical KD (OR, 0.092; 95 % CI, 0.010-0.816; P = 0.032) and previous antibiotic treatment (OR, 0.17; 95 % CI, 0.036-0.875; P = 0.034) were less likely to experience CALs. Children with an incomplete/atypical presentation of KD or before antibiotic treatment may be at lower risk for the development of CALs. Future multicenter studies may help to establish this association better.

PMID:
23463134
DOI:
10.1007/s00246-013-0673-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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