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Arch Cardiol Mex. 2013 Apr-Jun;83(2):120-9. doi: 10.1016/j.acmx.2012.07.002.

[Cardiovascular manifestations of human toxocariasis].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Grupo de Investigación en Electrocardiografía, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Santander, Colombia.

Abstract

Toxocariasis is a parasitic infection produced by helminths that cannot reach their adult stage in humans. For their etiological species (Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati), man is a paratenic host. Infection by such helminths can produce a variety of clinical manifestations, such as: visceral larvae migrans syndrome, ocular larvae migrans syndrome and covert toxocariasis. In the visceral larvae migrans syndrome, the organs that are mainly involved include liver, lungs, skin, nervous system, muscles, kidneys and the heart. Regarding the latter, the importance of cardiovascular manifestations in toxocariasis, as well as its clinical relevance, has increasingly begun to be recognized. The current article is based on a systematic information search, focused mainly on the clinical and pathological aspects of cardiovascular manifestations in toxocariasis, including its pathophysiology, laboratory findings, diagnosis and therapeutical options, with the objective of highlighting its importance as a zoonosis and its relevance to the fields of cardiovascular medicine in adults and children.

PMID:
23462238
DOI:
10.1016/j.acmx.2012.07.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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