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Cranio. 2013 Jan;31(1):10-3.

Special consideration regarding the assessment and management of patients being treated with mandibular advancement oral appliance therapy for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea.

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Craniofacial Pain Center of Idaho, Boise, Idaho 83704, USA.


This position paper, as developed by a Task Force of the American Academy of Craniofacial Pain on Mandibular Advancement Oral Appliance Therapy for Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea, contains recommendations for dentists engaged in the management of patients with snoring and obstructive sleep apnea utilizing mandibular advancement oral appliances. The recommendations are supported by current scientific evidence, published standards and guidelines, and expert panel consensus. Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects millions of people. Oral appliance therapy (OAT) is recognized as an effective therapy for many with primary snoring and mild to moderate OSA, as well as those with more severe OSA who cannot tolerate positive airway pressure (PAP) therapies. Dentists are playing a much larger role in the screening and management of patients with snoring and OSA as part of a multi-disciplinary team. It is also recognized that OAT has the potential to cause untoward side effects, including temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and dysfunction. The present paper highlights the need for dentists who manage patients using mandibular advancement OAT to be competent in the assessment, diagnosis and management of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and craniofacial pain disorders. The authors of this article are all clinically engaged in the management of patients with snoring and OSA, and reached consensus based on their review of the current evidence, published guidelines and clinical experience. It is the opinion of the authors that dentists experienced and knowledgeable in the assessment, diagnosis and management of TMD and craniofacial pain applying this knowledge to the management of patients with snoring and OSA using OAT will provide their patients with the best prognosis and most successful treatment outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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