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J Transcult Nurs. 2013 Apr;24(2):127-33. doi: 10.1177/1043659612472060. Epub 2013 Jan 22.

Development of a Chinese childbearing attitude questionnaire for infertile women receiving in vitro fertilization treatment.

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School of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.


The purpose of this study was to report the second phase of instrument development, a culturally sensitive questionnaire of childbearing attitudes to assess the psychosocial responses of infertile women. Using a nonexperimental quantitative design, we investigated 238 women who are undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment. Data collection and relevant planning occurred in two phases: in-depth interviews of women to generate items for the questionnaire and establishing the questionnaire's content and construct validity. Through factor analysis, five factors were extracted from the "attitude toward childbearing questionnaire": gender identification with self and society, insurance of marriage and inheritance, happy family life, spiritual investment, and continuing the family line and procreation. The total variance of these five factors was 64.31%. Cronbach's α and test-retest reliability were between .72 and .87 and between .60 and .76, respectively, demonstrating acceptable internal consistency and stability. The information obtained through the questionnaire could be used to provide infertile women with personal counseling and appropriate psychological support during and after assisted reproductive technology.

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