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Dalton Trans. 2013 May 28;42(20):7447-57. doi: 10.1039/c3dt32895c.

Selective and adaptable access to N,N'-asymmetrically substituted imidazol-2-ylidene bis-NHC ligands: Pd(II) complexes featuring wide variation in N-alkyl and aryl steric bulk.

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1
School of Chemistry, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia. Michael.Gardiner@utas.edu.au

Abstract

N,N'-Asymmetrically substituted, methylene-linked bis(imidazol-2-ylidene) complexes have been prepared subsequent to a selective synthesis of the bis(imidazolium) salt precursors involving the quarternisation of N-alkyl and -aryl imidazoles with N-halomethyl imidazolium salts. The adaptability of the ligand precursor synthesis is illustrated through access to the N-Me/N'-Mes and N-Mes/N'-2,6-(i-Pr)2Ph systems, leading to the Pd(II) complexes [{(MeIm)(MesIm)CH2}Pd(L)2](n+), L = Cl/I (n = 0) and NCMe (n = 2), and [{(MesIm)[2,6-(i-Pr)2PhIm]CH2}Pd(L)2], L = Cl/I. The dicationic hybrid N,N'-alkyl/aryl complex was inactive in the copolymerisation of ethylene/carbon monoxide, displaying reactivity akin to N,N'-dialkyl analogues.

PMID:
23459696
DOI:
10.1039/c3dt32895c
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