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Hum Immunol. 2013 Jun;74(6):713-21. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2013.02.006. Epub 2013 Feb 28.

Association of TNF level with production of circulating cellular microparticles during clinical manifestation of human cerebral malaria.

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Division of Molecular Biology, Regional Medical Research Centre, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India.


Microparticles (MPs) resulting from vesiculation of different cell types in Plasmodium falciparum infection correlate with the level of proinflammatory cytokine TNF that may thereby determine the disease severity. Using TruCount tube based flow cytometric method for the exact quantification of MP and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for the measurement of TNF, we conducted a hospital based case control study on P. falciparum malaria patients to scrutinize and infer the link between the two. In 52 cerebral malaria (CM), 21 multi-organ-dysfunction (MOD), 12 non cerebral severe malaria (NCSM) and 43 uncomplicated malaria patients, the MP level was found to be significantly elevated in febrile malaria patients compared to healthy controls and a striking decrease in MP level was observed with the clearance of the P. falciparum infection in the patients upon follow-up. The lowering of the parasite density with the level of plasma TNF and the positive correlation of the cytokine with the cell derived MPs and negative correlation with the respective cell count in human malaria patients suggests that TNF may be a key stimulant to the cells resulting in the release of MPs in malaria infection.

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