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HPB (Oxford). 2013 Sep;15(9):668-73. doi: 10.1111/hpb.12016. Epub 2012 Dec 2.

A 6-day clinical pathway after a pancreaticoduodenectomy is feasible, safe and efficient.

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1
Department of Surgery, The University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The utilization of post-operative clinical pathways leads to shorter hospital stays and decreased healthcare costs. This study evaluated patient outcomes after implementation of a 6-day discharge pathway after a pancreaticoduodenectomy.

METHODS:

A post-operative clinical pathway was developed and implemented for patients undergoing a pancreaticoduodenectomy at the present institution aimed at discharge by post-operative day six. Patient charts were retrospectively reviewed to determine the rates of adherence to the pathway at each step, readmission and post-operative complications.

RESULTS:

In total, 113 consecutive patients underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy, receiving post-operative care under the clinical pathway guidelines. The median length of stay was 7 days (mode 6 days); 41% of patients were discharged by post-operative day six, 62% by day seven and 79% by day eight. In univariate analysis, delayed gastric emptying was associated with a delayed discharge after post-operative day six (P = 0.002). There were no post-operative deaths and 16% of patients required readmission within 30 days of discharge. In univariate analysis, obesity was the only variable associated with an increased rate of readmission (P < 0.001).

DISCUSSION:

Clinical pathway utilization after a pancreaticoduodenectomy allows a high percentage of patients to be discharged within a week and is associated with a low rate of readmission. Clinical pathway implementation allows for safe and efficient patient care.

PMID:
23458383
PMCID:
PMC3948533
DOI:
10.1111/hpb.12016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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