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Rheumatol Int. 2013 Sep;33(9):2269-75. doi: 10.1007/s00296-013-2706-3. Epub 2013 Mar 3.

Effectiveness of sensorimotor training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Division of Emergency Medicine and Evidence-Based Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil. kelson_fisio@hotmail.com

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a sensorimotor training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis on the improvement of functional skills and quality of life, a double-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial. One hundred two participants with rheumatoid arthritis were selected. After the baseline evaluation, the participants were randomized to two different groups: sensorimotor group (2 sessions per week, 30-50 min each session, besides continuing taking the same drugs as the control group) and control group (control group was only submitted to the clinical drug treatment with Methotrexate, Leflunomide and/or Prednisone (5 mg), being then evaluated 4 months later). Functional capacity [Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and Timed Up & Go Test (TU>)], Balance and Gait (Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Tinetti Test) and Quality of Life (Short Form Health Survey-SF-36). The study had been concluded with ninety-one participants, and a statistically significant improvement was found in all variables assessed: HAQ (P < .01), TU> (P < .01), BBS (P < .01), Tinetti Test (P < .01) and improvement in the subscales of SF-36 (P < .01) in the sensorimotor group in comparison with the baseline evaluation and control group. No significant difference was found related to the pre- and post-evaluation in the control group. Therefore, the sensorimotor training is effective in the improvement of the functional capacity and quality of life of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

PMID:
23455663
DOI:
10.1007/s00296-013-2706-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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